Sunday, May 24, 2020
Unit 5 Outcome 2 Ã¢â¬â Energy Metabolism Booklet The Respiratory System The respiratory system consists of the nose, mouth, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs. These provide a passageway to allow air in and out of the body. Every cell in the body requires oxygen to survive. The primary function of the respiratory system is the exchange of gases. The respiratory system allows oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, this is necessary to sustain life. During the process of breathing air is inhaled and carbon dioxide is exhaled, this change of gases occurs in the alveoli. The inhaled oxygen passes into the alveoli and then diffuses into arterial blood. The waste rich blood from the veins releases carbon dioxide into the alveoli which isÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The esophagus receives food from the mouth after swallowing and then delivers it to the stomach. The stomach holds food which it is being mixed with enzymes which continue the process of breaking down the food into a useable form. When the contents of the stomach are processed they are released into the small intestine. In the small intestine food is broken down by enzymes released from the pancreas and bile from the liver, the food is moved through and mixed with digestive secretions. The small int estine is made up of three segments the duodenum, jejunum and the ileum, the jejunum and the ileum are mainly responsible from the absorption of nutrients in to the bloodstream. These contents start out semi-solid and end in a liquid form after passing through the organ. Water, bile, enzymes and mucous change its consistency, one the nutrients have been absorbed it then moves onto the large intestine. The large intestine connects to the rectum and is specialised in processing water so that emptying the bowels is easy. The pancreas is responsible for secreting digestive enzymes into the duodenum. These enzymes then break down protein, fats and carbohydrates. The pancreas is also responsible for making insulin and secreting it directly into the bloodstream. The livers main function within the digestive system is to process the nutrients which are absorbed from the small intestine. Bile is secretedShow MoreRelatedEssay about Chemistry and Carbohydrates1082 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCarbohydrates are utilized by animals and humans in metabolism to produce energy and other compounds. Carbohydrates are initially synthesized in plants form a complex series of reactions involving photosynthesis. They store energy in the form of starch or glycogen in animals and humans. They provide energy through metabolism pathways and cycles. Carbohydrates also supply carbon for synthesis of other compounds. (Berdanier, Pgs 45-47). Metabolism occurs in animals and humans after the ingestion ofRead MoreNote1070 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMetabolism: Transformations and Interactions I. Chemical Reactions in the Body Plants use the sunÃ¢â¬â¢s energy to make carbohydrate from carbon dioxide and water. This is called photosynthesis. Humans and animals eat the plants and use the carbohydrate as fuel for their bodies. During digestion, the energy-yielding nutrients are broken down to monosaccharides, fatty acids, glycerol, and amino acids. After absorption, enzymes and coenzymes can build more complex compounds. In metabolismRead MoreAssignment Brief to Break Down Unit 5 Health and Social Care Level 11545 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAssignment Brief Course Title: Extended Diploma Level 3 in Health and Social Care Unit : 5 Assignment Title: Anatomy Physiology Scenario/Vocational Context: This unit introduces core knowledge of cellular structure and function, and the organisation of the body as a whole, and then builds on this to develop a more detailed knowledge of the fine anatomy and physiology of the systems involved in energy metabolism. Functional Skills Development: This assignment will give you the opportunityRead MoreDieting Makes People Fat1263 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesexpectation of getting quick results is most likely to have serious consequences as rapid weight loss is not sustainable (FoodTalk, n.d.). The outcome of dieting is not just weight loss alone. Several other things also happen in the body when the energy intake of a person is being controlled. With the consequences of dieting being pushed aside, dieting is getting more and more popular these days. Ã¢â¬Å"Losing weight is consistently on the list of top 10 new yearÃ¢â¬â¢s resolutions. It is difficult to determineRead MoreThe Proteins Of Protein And Proteins1545 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescarbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Carbohydrates are a source of energy for the body glucose, building blocks for giant carbohydrates in the human body, and components of other molecules like DNA and RNA. Carbohydrates are transported by the bloodstream to various tissues and organs, including muscles and brain, where it is used for energy, and stores glucose in the liver and skeletal muscles. Fats provide more than half of the body s energy needs. Fat from the food you eat is broken down into fatty acidsRead MoreHow Sugar Metabolism Affects Your Body1134 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesusually glucose. The primary function of sugar in your body metabolism is to provide energy to power your activities. Additionally, sugar can convert to a stored form of energy in your body, and it plays a role in conserving your lean muscle mass. Background The starches you consume consist of large molecules of glucose linked together. Digestive enzymes secreted from your salivary glands and pancreas clip the starch into individual glucose units as your food passes from your mouth through your stomachRead MoreAtkins or fadkins Essay1252 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages and fruits Carbohydrates are: -quick source of energy -best for the brain and nerve tissues -there are simple and complex carbohydrate c. Fats- type of lipid and usually come from animals. Sources can be lard and butter. Fats are: -needed for vitamin absorption -creating cell lipids and steroids. -excess energy is stored as fat in the human body 2. Janine made this statement: Ã¢â¬Å"... if yourRead MoreThe Oldest Treatments For Epilepsy1274 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesketone bodies is accomplished through high fat intake, carbohydrate depletion and a fasting-metabolism; over long periods of time. When the body is in a fasting state, it creates ketones, a by-product of a fat-burning metabolism. It has long been recognized that seizures often lessen or disappear during periods of fasting in some individuals with epilepsy (Richard Senelick, 2014). This fat-burning metabolism is slowly become popular amongst dieters and endurance athletes. Besides the clear loss ofRead MoreAnatomy and Physiology - Energy Metabolism1339 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Unit 5: Anatomy and Physiology (P4) Explain the physiology of two named body systems in relation to energy metabolism in the body In this task I am going to discuss the three systems involved in energy metabolism in the body. The chemical equation for cellular respiration is: C6H12O6 + O2 = E + CO2 + H2O OR Glucose + Oxygen = Energy + Carbon Dioxide + Water In order to release energy we need glucose which is a simple carbohydrate that is produced after digestion of food and we also need oxygenRead MoreM1- Discuss the Role of Energy in the Body Essay679 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesDiscuss the role of energy in the body In our bodies we need energy so that we could do things that are possible such as; move our muscles, talk and all the other things that we do. Without energy all humans would be useless not being able to do anything. Energy is needed to extract the oxygen from the areas in our bodies and diffuse it into our bloodstream. As warm blooded we can only digest food and function if our bodies are at a certain temperature and have enough energy, and energy is required for
Monday, May 18, 2020
The conventional theater of Shakespeare (Romeo and Juliet) or Oscar Wilde (The Importance of Being Earnest) features discrete acts subdivided into scenes and casts of characters engaged in dialogue with one another. This easy to grasp structure and familiar format comes from ancient Greece, where drama originally had no individual speaking parts. Structure and Origins The English word theater comes fromÃ theatron, the viewing area for the Greek audience. Theatrical performances were outdoors, often on hillsides, and featured men in the roles of women and actors wearing masks and costumes. Performances were religious, political, and always competitive. Scholars debate the origins of Greek drama, but perhaps it developed from religious ritual worship by a chorus of singing and dancing menÃ¢â¬âpossibly dressed as horsesÃ¢â¬âconnected with the festive vegetation god, Dionysus. Thespis, namesake of the term thespian for an actor, supposedly is either the first person to appear onstage in character, or casted the first speaking role; maybe he gave it to the chorÃ ªgos, leader of the chorus. Choral training was the responsibility of a chorÃ ªgos, selected by an archon, one of the top officials in Athens. This duty to train the chorus was like a tax on the wealthy citizens, and being members of a chorus (choreutai) was also part of Greek civic education. The chorÃ ªgos provided all the equipment, costumes, props, and trainers for the roughly dozen choreutai. Such preparation might last for six months and at the end, if he were lucky, the chorÃ ªgos would fund a feast to celebrate winning the prize. The chorÃ ªgos and playwrights of winning productions garnered great prestige. Greek Chorus The chorus was the central feature of Greek drama. Composed of similarly costumed men, they performed on theÃ dancing floor (orchestra), located beneath or in front of the stage. They enter during the first choral song (parodos) from two entrance ramps (parodoi)Ã on either side of the orchestra, and remain for the entire performance, observing and commenting on the action. From the orchestra, the leaderÃ (coryphaeus) speaks the choral dialogue, consisting of long, formal speeches in verse. The final scene (exodus)Ã of Greek tragedy is one of dialogue. Scenes of dialogue (episodes)Ã alternate with more choral song (stasimon). In this way, the stasimon is like darkening the theater or drawing the curtains between acts. To modern readers of Greek tragedy, the statismon seem easy to overlook, interludes interrupting the action. Likewise, the ancient actor (hypokrites, the one who answers the chorus questions) often ignores the chorus. Though they couldnt control hypokrites behavior, the chorus had a personality, was crucial to winning the competition for best set of tragedies, and could be important in the action, depending on the play. Aristotle said they should be regarded as hypokrites. Tragedy Greek tragedy revolves around a tragic hero whose misfortune causes intense suffering resolved by one of Aristotles tragic qualities, catharsis: a relieving, cleansing, and emotional release. Performances were part of an estimated five-day religious festival in honor of Dionysus. This Great Dionysia festivalÃ¢â¬âduring the Attic month of Elaphebolion, from the end of March to mid-AprilÃ¢â¬âwas perhapsÃ instituted ca. BCE 535 by the Athenian tyrant Pisistratus. Festivals centered on agones, or competitions, where three tragic playwrights competed to win the prize for the best series of three tragedies and a satyr play. Thespis, credited with the first speaking role, won that first competition.Ã Although the subject matter was usually mythological, the first surviving full play was The Persians by Aeschylus, based on recent history rather than myth. Aeschylus, Euripides, and Sophocles are the three famous, great writers of Greek tragedy whose contributions to the genre survive. There were rarely more than a chorus and three actors, regardless of how many roles were played. Actors changed their appearance in the skene. Violence usually occurred offstage, too. Playing multiple roles, a hypokrites wore masks because the theaters were so capacious that the back rows couldnt read their facial expressions. Although such large theatres had impressive acoustics, the actors needed good vocal projection to perform well behind their masks. Comedy Greek comedy comes from AtticaÃ¢â¬âthe country aroundÃ AthensÃ¢â¬âand is often called Attic Comedy. ItÃ is divided into what is known as Old Comedy and New Comedy. Old Comedy tended to examine political and allegorical topics, while New Comedy looked at personal and domestic themes. For comparison, compare a late night talk show about current events and satire when thinking of Old, and a primetime sitcom about relationships, romance, and family when thinking about New. Thousands of years later, restoration comedy performances can also be traced to New Comedy. Aristophanes wrote mostly Old Comedy. He is the last and primary Old Comedy writer whose works survive. New Comedy, almost a century later, is represented by Menander. We have much less of his work: many fragments and Dyskolos, a nearly complete, prize-winning comedy. Euripides is also considered an important influence on the development of New Comedy. Legacy in Rome Roman theater has a tradition of derivative comedy, and their comedy writers followed New Comedy. Plautus and Terence were the most influential Roman writers of comedyÃ¢â¬âfabula palliata, a genre of drama converted from Greek to RomanÃ¢â¬âand their plots influenced some of Shakespeares work. Plautus also inspired the 20th centurys A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum. Other Romans (including Naevius and Ennius), adapting the Greek tradition, wrote tragedy in Latin. Those tragedies unfortunately have not survived. For extant Roman tragedy we turn to Seneca, who may have intended his works for readings rather than performances in the theater. Resources and Further Reading Englert, Walter. Ã¢â¬Å"Ancient Greek Theater.Ã¢â¬ Greek Drama and Theaters, Reed College.Foley, Helene. Ã¢â¬Å"Choral Identity in Greek Tragedy.Ã¢â¬ Classical Philology, vol. 98, no. 1, Jan. 2003, pp. 1-30.Ã¢â¬Å"Greek Theatre Index.Ã¢â¬ Theatre History, 2002.Greenwood, Leonard Hugh Graham. Ã¢â¬Å"The Shape of Greek Tragedy.Ã¢â¬ Greece Rome, vol. 6, no. 16, Oct. 1936, pp. 31-40.Kirkwood, G. M. Ã¢â¬Å"The Dramatic Role of the Chorus in Sophocles.Ã¢â¬ Phoenix, vol. 8, no. 1, Spring 1954, pp. 1-22.Poe, Joe Park. Ã¢â¬Å"The Determination of Episodes in Greek Tragedy.Ã¢â¬ The American Journal of Philology, vol. 114, no. 3, Autumn 1993, pp. 343-396.Rabinowitz, Nancy Sorkin. Greek Tragedy. Wiley-Blackwell, 2008.Scullion, Scott. Ã¢â¬Å"Nothing to Do with Dionysus: Tragedy Misconceived as Ritual.Ã¢â¬ The Classical Quarterly, vol. 52, no. 1, July 2002, pp. 102-137.Segal, Erich. Ã¢â¬Å"The Ã ¦Ã ÃÆ'Ã ¹Ãâ of Comedy.Ã¢â¬ Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, vol . 77, 1973, pp. 129-136.Stuart, Donald Clive. Ã¢â¬Å"The Origin of Greek Tragedy in the Light of Dramatic Technique.Ã¢â¬ Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association, vol. 47, 1916, pp. 173-204.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Law Enforcement Code of Ethics has been established as a reminder to law enforcement officers, the trust that the public has placed in them, and the ethical way that they live their lives, both on, and off duty (Bohm, 2010). Many police departments use the basic code as a part of the swearing in ceremony, or at the graduation of a police academy class. While the basic code of ethics is extremely important, the code also contains 10 cannons within in it, and out of those 10, I have found three to be the most important to me. The first cannon, which I find to be the most important, is cannon number two. This cannon states that Ã¢â¬Å"Police officers should be aware of the legal limits of their authority and the Ã¢â¬Ëgenius of the American SystemÃ¢â¬â¢, which limits the power of individuals, groups, and institutionsÃ¢â¬ (Bohm, 2010, p.183). The reason that I find this cannon to be the most important is simple to me. Police officers are just a small part of the American legal system. We are not judges, juries, or executioners while performing our duties. The American Constitution was established with a system of checks and balances in it, to prevent any one branch of the government from having complete control over the nation. As police officers, our job is to enforce the law in an honest, trustworthy manner, and we should never overstep the limits that have been placed on us by the Constitution or the courts. One recent example of police who have stepped outside of the boundaries ofShow MoreRelatedCode of Ethics in Law Enforcement3114 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesPROFESSIONAL CONDUCT OF PEACE OFFICERS MODEL POLICY MN STAT 626.8457 I. Ã¢â¬Å"POLICY It is the policy of the __________________________________________________ (law enforcement agency) to investigate circumstances that suggest an officer has engaged in unbecoming conduct, and impose disciplinary action when appropriate. II. PROCEDURE This policy applies to all officers of this agency engaged in official duties whether within or outside of the territorial jurisdiction of thisRead MoreEthics And The Law Enforcement Code Of Ethics1412 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThis paper inquires how ethics has impacted the law enfacement communities. The Oath of Allegiance along with the law enforcement Code of Ethics will be discussed in detail to give you a better appreciation of the expectations and ethical issues covering all law enforcement officers. This paper will discus how everyday decisions influence the law officers life, in addition to those of the community. HeroÃ¢â¬â¢s sacrificing their lives to Ã¢â¬Å"Protect and ServeÃ¢â¬ . Ethics, also know as moral philosophy, isRead MoreThe Law Enforcement Code Of Ethics1221 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbehavior has a very damaging effect on the effective and efficient service of policing. The IACP Law Enforcement Code of Ethics, which governs the conduct of police officers, clearly emphasizes on the need for desisting from deceitful behavior and for officers engaging in actions that cultivate public trust and confidence from the citizens. As such, Integrity is an essential job requirement for any law enforcement official. According to Serpas (2010), the truthfulness of a police officer is not only anRead MoreThe Ethical Dilemma Of The Law Enforcement Code Of Ethics1309 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmorals. Why would the sergeant have to order Tony not to get Johnny in trouble? Within this paper, I will discuss and examine the ethical dilemmas Johnny is confronted with and compare them to the Law Enforcement Code of Ethics. Keywords: corrupt morals, ethical dilemmas, repercussions, code of ethics Ethical Dilemma The practice of moral conduct challenges the generally accepted standards. An ethical dilemma is defined as a person has difficulty doing what is right, does not know theRead MorePolice Codes Of Conduct And Police Code Of Ethics1560 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe common law of the land, there are additional rules and principles they must abide by. This is illustrated in the police officer s code of conduct and police code of ethics. Many police departments have their own code of conduct which are to be followed by the officers. Just like any other profession, there are no fool proof rules and standards. People will (for whatever reason ) try to beat the system or just plain fall short of whats required of them. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s why ethics and codes of conductRead MoreEthics in Criminal Justice Administration Analysis Essay978 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEthics in Criminal Justice Administration Analysis Ethics in the criminal justice system is customary when the administration measures are sometime virtuous and imperfect, attractive and unattractive and the ideas of production values are perceptive that this may be right and wrong. Working in the criminal justice system, every decision and results must meet the needs of the citizens and the law enforcement in regards to the balancing concern. The concerns are from prosecuting the guilty and respectingRead MoreThe Ethics Of Police Ethics Essay1631 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWith the past and current issues our country is having with law enforcement officials the ethical deliberations about corruptions is constantly examining the foundations of police ethics. The reasoning following public corruption indicates an underlying social institutional structure that our country has created. In 2006, Louis Eppolito and Stephen Caracappa were convicted of racketeering, extortion, obstruction of justice, conspiracy, and murder charges. Louis and St ephen worked in the NYPD policeRead MoreThe Ethical Dilemma of a Police Officer Essay1333 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Ethical Dilemma of a Police Officer Professions are guided by codes of ethics to aid them in performance of their duties and to ensure maintenance of high standards of conduct. Police officers are faced with a maze of obligations in the performance of their official duties. The Ã¢â¬Å"Law Enforcement Code of EthicsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Canons of Police EthicsÃ¢â¬ were created to make explicit the conduct considered appropriate for police officers and to guide them in the performance of their duties. Although policeRead MoreCriminal Justice: Ethics and Integrity676 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesEthics and integrity are important to a police chief or county sheriff in a number of ways. First, ethics and integrity assist a police chief or a county sheriff to recruit the best officers who can work in their departments. It is only through application of the principles of ethics and integrity that a police chief or a county sheriff can identify these qualities in the potential applicants, and use them in the recruitment process. S econd, ethics and integrity are important to a police chief orRead MorePolice Subculture And Corruption Within Law Enforcement951 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmeans, why it exists and if it contributes to corruption by law enforcement. Police subculture and corruption defined. A subculture is a group of people that generally share attitudes, views, rules, principles, beliefs, ways of living, and behaviors that differs in one or more ways from the culture. Law enforcement has a very distinct police subculture that has ideas and values considered distinct from amid many working in law enforcement. Corruption happens when people use their position or granted
Living in a World Of Warcraft: The Complex Sociality of Virtual Worlds Through the convergence of gaming, the internet and Web 2. 0 technologies, the virtual worlds of Massively Multiplayer Online Games (MMOGs) have emerged: complex new social and cultural environments that bring with them tremendous opportunities for learning. This convergence of contexts, a defining feature of new media, combines the potential sociality of the internet with the fun and challenge of gaming, blurring the lines between entertainment, play, information and socialisation (de Freitas Griffiths, 2008, p. We will write a custom essay sample on Living in a World of Warcraft: the Complex Sociality of Virtual Worlds or any similar topic only for you Order Now 1). Through fantasy-styled role-playing MMOG (MMORPG) World of Warcraft (WoW), I will explore evidence of the benefits and drawbacks of these new forms of sociality, and examine ways in which of MMORPGs show potential to develop new social practices and ways of learning, both from a player/learner perspective (Jenkins, 2006; Shaffer, Squire, Halverson Gee, 2005, p. 106), and in terms of studying and understanding social dynamics of human groups on a larger scale (Szell Thurner, 2010, p. 14). WoWÃ¢â¬â¢s enormous success exemplifies the massive social phenomenon of online gaming and virtual worlds (Shaffer, Squire, Halverson Gee, 2005, p. 106). Released in 2004, Steinkuehler Williams describe WoW as Ã¢â¬Å"the latest step in a progression of social gamesÃ¢â¬ (2006, p. 887), referring to the many evolutions in this style of game since its early origins in Dungeons and Dragons-style pencil and paper games (Bradford, 2010, p. 7). Socialisation and the building of relationships i s central to the game, which attracts an extremely broad audience worldwide: within 5 years of release, WoWÃ¢â¬â¢s subscriber base grew to 11. 5 million (Bradford, 2010, p. 56). Steinkuehler Williams posit that Ã¢â¬â as new social environments outside of home, school and work Ã¢â¬â virtual worlds can provide a social context akin to Ã¢â¬Å"pubs, coffee shops, and other hangoutsÃ¢â¬ (2006, p. 889). Chat channels within the game not only facilitate in-game activities, they also carry Ã¢â¬Å"constant conversation about the game and topics well beyond itÃ¢â¬ (Steinkuehler Williams, 2006, p. 894), to the extent that the in-game social interaction is considered by some players to be more important than the actual gameplay (Stetina, Kothgassner, Lehenbauer Kryspin-Exner, 2010, p. 473). The virtual worlds of MMOGs Ã¢â¬â such as WoWÃ¢â¬â¢s Azeroth Ã¢â¬â are Ã¢â¬Å"known for their peculiar combination of designed Ã¢â¬Ëescapist fantasyÃ¢â¬â¢ and emergent Ã¢â¬Ësocial realismÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (Steinkuehler Williams, 2006, p. 887). Indeed, opportunities for socialisation in virtual worlds are incredibly diverse, evidenced by the unusual records WoW holds for the Ã¢â¬Å"Most People at a Virtual FuneralÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Largest Virtual Beer FestivalÃ¢â¬ (Guinness World Records, 2012). Real-world issues can impact the virtual world too, exemplified by WoWÃ¢â¬â¢s annual Ã¢â¬Å"Running of the GnomesÃ¢â¬ , where low-level pink-haired gnome avatars Ã¢â¬â most created or Ã¢â¬Å"rolledÃ¢â¬ specifically for the event Ã¢â¬â run through dangerous terrain to a designated location and, by grouping together, Ã¢â¬Å"form a heart for breast cancer awarenessÃ¢â¬ (Iserloth, 2012). The event raises money for the Cleveland Clinic for vaccine research, and this year exceeded the $1,000 goal (OÃ¢â¬â¢Neal, 2012). Such events epitomise the unique social culture of MMORPGs: impervious to the physical boundaries of real-world events, creative player-instigated socialisation takes full advantage of the flexible social environment of the virtual world. Games, in all of their various forms, have given rise to Ã¢â¬Å"new forms of socialityÃ¢â¬ (Bradford, 2010, p. 63), as evidenced by the role Communities of Practice play in game culture. BradfordÃ¢â¬â¢s research shows that, whether a game is designed to be played with others or not, Ã¢â¬Å"communities which cluster around games constantly engage in negotiations over strategies, experiences and opinionsÃ¢â¬ (2010, p. 56). Like most video games, WoW is surrounded by a powerful network of knowledge (Gee, 2003, p. 187) through these Communities of Practice, consisting of Ã¢â¬Å"a content domain, a group of persons interested in this domain and a shared practice to increase the effectiveness of each memberÃ¢â¬ (Wolf, K, 2007, p. 191). There are also communities dedicated to a seemingly endless wave of user-created media, from webcomics created using WoW screenshots to highly-produced Ã¢â¬Å"machinimaÃ¢â¬ , a convergence between games and cinema which combines film-making techniques with computer-generated imagery (CGI), rendered in real-time using game engines (de Freitas Griffiths, 2008, p. 13). Players forge reputations amongst these robust communities (Shaffer, Squire, Halverson Gee, 2005, p. 106), participating in forums to share advice on how to advance in the game, hosting news sites or writing FAQs and walkthroughs. Along with in-game social facilities, they make up Ã¢â¬Å"a crucial component of MMORPGsÃ¢â¬ (Bradford, 2010, p. 58), necessitating the learning and development of Ã¢â¬Å"effective social practicesÃ¢â¬ (Shaffer, Squire, Halverson Gee, 2005, p. 106). Despite the growing popularity of gaming culture, a lack of understanding of the social contexts of gamers still produces stereotypical views of gamers, attributing to them Ã¢â¬Å"deviant behaviours and emotional problemsÃ¢â¬ (Stetina, Kothgassner, Lehenbauer Kryspin-Exner, 2010, p. 477). In a recent example, Colleen Lachowicz, a Democratic Party candidate for the Maine State Senate, was the subject of a campaign organised by the Maine Republican Party in October 2012 to make public what they called LachowiczÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"bizarre double lifeÃ¢â¬ (Benedetti, 2012) as an orc in WoW. A website created for the campaign proclaimed Ã¢â¬Å"Maine needs a State Senator that lives in the real world, not in ColleenÃ¢â¬â¢s fantasy worldÃ¢â¬ (ColleenÃ¢â¬â¢s World, 2012), and a mail-out, featuring images of LachowiczÃ¢â¬â¢s avatar with highlighted quotes including Ã¢â¬Å"I love poisoning and stabbing! and Ã¢â¬Å"I can kill stuff without going to jailÃ¢â¬ was posted to voters (Maine Republican Party, 2012). LachowiczÃ¢â¬â¢s casual comments typify the playful tone of MMOG socialisation (Steinkuehler Williams, 2006, p. 899) and the misinterpretation, whether accidental or deliberate, is evidence of stereotyping due to a lack of understanding of the complex social culture of MMORPGs. When considering the social potential of MMORPGs, it is also important to acknowledge Ã¢â¬Å"problematic playÃ¢â¬ : playing excessively at the detriment of real-life priorities and relationships (Snodgrass, Lacy, Francois Dengah II, Fagan, 2011). Not all players are effected and numerous studies show that many cases of problematic play are associated with pre-existing psychopathological problems (Stetina, Kothsgassner, Lehenbauer Kryspin-Exner, 2010, p. 474; Snodgrass, Lacy, Francois Dengah II Fagan, 2011, pp. 1212-1213) including depression, OCD and low self-esteem. Certain player motivations may increase risk of problematic play, such as reliance on online socialisation and escapism as a coping strategy (Stetina, Kothsgassner, Lehenbauer Kryspin-Exner, 2010, p. 478). A 2011 study suggested playing with real-life friends or family minimises problematic play, by helping to retain awareness of the real world (Snodgrass, Lacy, Francois Dengah II Fagan, 2011). Furthermore, such play can enhance existing relationships (Steinkuehler Williams, 2006, p. 891). While immersion Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"experienc(ing) the avatar as Ã¢â¬ËIÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (Bradford, 2010, p. 57) Ã¢â¬â can play a role in developing problematic behaviour, it is important to note that not all immersive play is problematic (Stetina, Kothsgassner, Lehenbauer Kryspin-Exner, 2010, . 478). Immersion plays a vital role in games such as WoW, allowing players to Ã¢â¬Å"think, talk and act in new waysÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"inhabit roles that are otherwise inaccessible to themÃ¢â¬ (Shaffer, Squire, Halverson and Gee, 2005, p. 105), creating a more level playing ground for socialisation and situated understanding (Steinkuehler Williams, 2006, pp. 891-892). With their complex economic, social, political and cultural systems and the potential to access the data of thousands of online players at any given time (Szell Thurner, 2010, p. 14; Shaffer, Squire, Halverson and Gee, 2005), MMOGs are potentially ideal environments for researching Ã¢â¬Å"collective human phenomena and social dynamicsÃ¢â¬ (Szell Thurner, 2010, p. 314). In 2007, Lofgren and Fefferman suggested that WoW could be used as a tool to Ã¢â¬Å"substantially boost the reality quotient of disease simulatorsÃ¢â¬ (Vastag, 2007), following an in-game epidemic of the virtual disease Ã¢â¬Å"Corrupted BloodÃ¢â¬ in 2005. Corrupted Blood, introduced through a downloadable update, was a highly infectious Ã¢â¬Å"de-buffÃ¢â¬ designed to make combat more challenging in a new area of the game, accessible only to higher level players. A programming error allowed the disease to spread beyond the intended area into heavily populated areas of the game, Ã¢â¬Å"mimicking the travel of contagious carriers over long distances that has been the hallmark of many disease outbreaks in historyÃ¢â¬ (Lofgren Fefferman, 2007, p. 625). Lofgren and Fefferman noted that playersÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å"dedication to the virtual communityÃ¢â¬ (2007, p. 627) provoked diverse reactions Ã¢â¬â some risking their own character in an effort to heal others, others logging out in Ã¢â¬Å"a panic responseÃ¢â¬ (Vastag, 2007, p. 264) and some even propagating the chaos by intentionally spreading the disease (Vastag, 2007, p. 64) Ã¢â¬â approximating to Ã¢â¬Å"reactions of people in real-life situations of dangerÃ¢â¬ (Lofgren Fefferman, 2007, p. 627), suggesting MMORPGs hold great promise in terms of measuring social dynamics and collective human response for purposes of scientific research. At its core, gaming culture relies on effecti ve cooperation and collaboration, both in-game and through communities of practice outside of the game. Participation in video games and the communities surrounding them teaches and encourages players to engage in Ã¢â¬Å"effective social practicesÃ¢â¬ , establishing and building upon new and effective forms of entertainment, pleasure and sociality. Bradford, 2010). The success and popularity of these unique worlds has shown immense potential for further study into large-scale social dynamics and human phenomenon, potential which has yet to be fully explored. As contexts and media forms continue to converge, it seems certain that the millions of players whose avatars inhabit the rich virtual worlds of MMORPGs and other online games will continue to create and explore new and innovative opportunities for socialisation and learning. Works Cited Benedetti, W. (2012). Republicans out Democrat in World of Warcraft Witch Hunt. Retrieved from http://www. nbcnews. com/technology/ingame/republicans-out-democrat-world-warcraft-witch-hunt-6283586 Bradford, C. (2010). Looking for my corpse: Video games and player positioning. Australian Journal of Language and Literacy, 33(1), 55-64. Retrieved from http://www. informit. com. au ColleenÃ¢â¬â¢s World. (2012). Retrieved from www. colleensworld. com de Freitas, S. , Griffiths, M. (2008). The convergence of gaming practices with other media forms: what potential for learning? A review of the literature. Learning, Media and Technology, 33(1), 11-20. doi:10. 080/17439880701868796 Gee, J. P. (2003). What Video Games Have To Teach Us About Learning and Literacy. New York, NY: Palgrave Mamillan. Guinness World Records. (2012). Retrieved from www. guinnessworldrecords. com Iserloth, A. (2012). World of Warcraft gathers for breast cancer. Retrieved from http://www. universitychronicle. net/index. php/2012/10/22/cancer-wow-walk/ Jenkins, H. (2006). War Between Effects and Meaning: Rethinking the Video Game Violence Debate. In D. Buckingham R. Willett (Eds. ), Digital Generations (pp. 19-31). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. Lofgren, E. T. Fefferman, N. H. (2007). The untapped potential of virtual game worlds to shed light on real world epidemics. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 7(9), 625-629. doi:10. 1016/S1473-3099(07)70212-8 Maine Republican Party. (2012). CandidateÃ¢â¬â¢s Bizarre Double Life Raises Questions. Retrieved from https://www. mainegop. com/2012/10/candidates-bizarre-double-life-raises-questions/ OÃ¢â¬â¢Neal, A. (2012). World of Warcraft players go pink to raise money for breast cancer research. Retrieved from http://www. examiner. com/article/world-of-warcraft-players-go-pink-to-raise-mo How to cite Living in a World of Warcraft: the Complex Sociality of Virtual Worlds, Papers
Question: Leadership Key Areas Are Also Discussed? Answer: Introduction In this paper, there is discussion about the leadership. Leadership is basically an art of getting the stuff done through others. Leadership key areas are also discussed in this study. Self assessment is done on the basis of presence of these leadership skills. This paper defines the leadership. Key areas of leadership According to Northouse (2015), leadership is an art of leading an organization, group or individuals. In order to do self-analysis, there are many key areas, these four key areas of leadership have been discussed. These key areas are the sign to successfully implementation of the leadership skills. Following are some vital key areas. Transformational According to Mller?Seitz (2012), this style of leadership helps in order to inspire the subordinates to find the most effective and the efficient way of moving towards the predetermined goals. In this style some of the power vested with the subordinates after training, so that the decisions will be taken by their own. Working with the employees at the same level helps the leader to analyse the deviation. These transformational traits should be possesed by a leader. Contingency - Accounting to Odhiambo Hii (2012), contingency leadership style includes,preparing in advance for any future overcoming. Basically this includes the predicting behavior of individual, how any one can behave in a particular situation.A leader becomes more competent when, have the parellel thoughts for what they are performing and what they need to do, the situations can be anything ,might it'll be having adverse effect on the organization or may be favourable as well that requires the top notch readiness in their nature and actions.Clrarity of thoughts with the presnt day will leads to the fruitfull results in future . Charismatic According to Nixon et.al. (2012), this basically includes the trait to attract or influence an individual to get the stuff done. Communicating effectively inspire the followerws to attain their productivity level that directly or indirectly contributes to the overall expansion. A leader should contain this trait because in order to get the stuff done and to inspire others to follow you, one should have influencing power. An individual who have the influencing power can easily be a successful leader. Situational leadership- According to Parris Al. (2013), in this style, it has been depicted that the successful leader should be the one who is having the talent to deal with the situation. These situations or changes can be environmental, external , internal surropundings etc. All these key areas are having their sub areas. Conclusion In this paper, it has been concluded that the leadership consists of many traits, these traits will assess the leaders. Assessing the leaders include seeking the presence of these traits. The Implication of these traits will result in a successful leader. References Mller?Seitz, G. (2012). Leadership in inter-organizational networks: a literature review and suggestions for future research.International Journal of Management Reviews,14(4), 428-443. Nixon, P., Harrington, M., Parker, D. (2012). Leadership performance is significant to project success or failure: a critical analysis.International Journal of productivity and performance management,61(2), 204-216. Northouse, P. G. (2015).Leadership: Theory and practice. Sage Publications. Odhiambo, G., Hii, A. (2012). Key stakeholders' perceptions of effective school leadership.Educational Management Administration Leadership,40(2), 232-247. Parris, D. L., Peachey, J. W. (2013). A systematic literature review of servant leadership theory in organizational contexts.Journal of business ethics,113(3), 377-393.
Sunday, May 3, 2020
Question: Describe about international marketing development for Harvey Nichols? Answer: Introduction This report has been prepared on Harvey Nichols the famous luxurious and fashionable departmental stores located in the UK. Potential buyers can find wide range of fashionable products with the company. The purpose to prepare this report is to evaluate and analyse the marketing plan and strategies for Harvey Nichols. Relevance of marketing strategies for international business development has been analysed. Through this process, the benefits associated with the preparation of an effective marketing plan and strategies can help the management to overcome the hurdles that can affect the business extension on a foreign land. The management has proposed to develop a new store in Doha. Details of the company Benjamin Harvey inaugurated a linen shop in London, in the year 1813. The business was taken over by his daughter. During this time, the business house would sell oriental carpets luxury goods, silks, and linens. The business was severely impacted in 1990s. However, due to effective marketing strategies and business developmental plan, the business house opened new stored in the UK and international market. The latest proposal for Harvey Nichols has been to open a new operational store with partnership in Doha festival city shopping area (Armstrong, 2006). International marketing development for Harvey Nichols The company has proposed to open a new store in Doha, which is one of the highest visited places in the world. New store would be opened near the festival shopping area. This has been done to attract more clients and improve the sales percentage for the store. Earlier, the company had ventured into foreign markets like Hong-Kong and others. In order to venture into Doha market, the company has partnered with the Qatari company. The purpose to venture into new market is to improve the investment proposal and collect data for minimising the risks involved in the international development. Marketing strategies play a key role in approaching the clients, in Doha. The company proposes to develop a unique marketing strategy that would provide success in the international market. For this, the consumer behaviour and the changes in the preferences of the potential buyers are analysed. The decision to venture into foreign market is a zero based process. Essential knowledge and experience for developing the products and venturing into new market is required to be carried out. Analysis has to be done for operating the business from the new market. For this it is essential to evaluate the entry mode and the positives aspects that would benefit the company. Goods and product distribution method has to be analysed, as this will improve the performance of the business. The marketing strategy needs to include the important factors that would help in improving the performance (Cornelissen, 2001). Analysis of company and market environmental factors Conducting a thorough research on various environmental factors for the business would help in implementing the accurate steps suitable for the development; Harvey Nichols is a famous store that sells branded products to the customers. By analysing the market environmental factors, the company evaluates the internal and external factors that can affect the business performance. PESTLE analysis has been carried out to understand the factors that can impact the business development plan. Political Due to the Doha shopping festivals organized by the government, the number of foreign tourists to the country has increased. The government has relaxed rules that restricted the entry of the foreign country. However, the rules associated with the process to be followed by the company have to be evaluated. The company has proposed to partner with the Qatar Company and the rules associated with the same have to be followed (Eagle Kitchen, 2007). Economic - The economic factors are related to various taxes, imposition of interest rates, and fluctuations of foreign exchange rates. Decision related to fiscal factors has to be analysed as this would help in entering into partnership with a foreign country. Social/Cultural factors - The social factors are associated with the changes in the fashion understanding about the people. Tourist from different parts of the globe visits the country. The standards have to be set out as the product would be sold to the clients. In this process, the expectations of the clients and the needs have to be analysed, as this will increase the sales (Fitzpatric, 2005). Technology - With the help of the technology, the company can keep a check on the product supply, handle the staff report, and prepare reports about the sales for the stores. The data important for the collection and analysing the sales and purchase report can be analysed whenever required. This would help in improving the decision making activities. Legal - In the legal factor, the rules and policies drafted by the government has to be analysed. This would help in carrying out the performance for the company, without any interruptions. Environmental In order to protect the environment, the company proposes to carry out the environmental check. Through this process, reusable products are intended to be introduced by the company. This would improve the company contribution towards the protection of environment (Ferdous, 2008). SWOT analysis Though this process, the risks involved in the process of marketing and international business development are analysed. Strength Weakness Brand image cater the customer expectations Quality products Introduce better products for satisfying the customer needs Lower price Approach the customers Analysis of the foreign market Opportunities Threats Business development into foreign land Rival offers Introduce better supply chain management system Analysing the preferences of the customers Create awareness about the brand image Determination of quality Unique marketing strategies Strategy for international growth and recommendation for store operations The strategy prepared by the management of the company to venture into the foreign market has to be effective and accomplish the goals that have been determined by the company. The objectives of the company have to be outlined and presented in the right manner. Entry mode selected by the company is one of the important factors (Holm, 2006). Recommendations In order to capture and successfully venture into the foreign market, the management can introduce an effective marketing strategy. Through this method, the company can approach and convince customers from different markets and improve the sales. Information about the customer preferences and requirements can be gathered and analysed from different sources. This has been done to improve the sales and brand image (Johnson and Schultz, 2004). The rules drafted by the federal authroities have to be followed for improving the visibility of the company. In this case, the company has proposed to venture into foreign country through partnership. For this, the rules and policies governing the business venture can be analysed. This will mitigate any delays that can impact the proposal to venture into the foreign market (Kim and Schultz, 2004) Entry modes for the business Foreign market entry is based on the entry mode that has been selected by the company. Two important methods for entry modes are 1. Equity -Joint ventures or wholly owned subsidiaries.2. Non- equity method It includes exports of the goods and entering into the contractual agreements.Partnership is one of the important forms of entry mode that can directly impact the business strategy. The below mentioned factors has to be analysed 1. Strategic compatibility - The Company has selected to partner with the Qatari company. This has been done to promote the brand image and provide better sales opportunities for the company. The interest and conflicts that can affect the willingness of the business has to be analysed (Kotler, 2003).2. Skills and resources The venture has been planned to increase the sales for the company. In this process, the brand image and other benefits associated with the sales has been analysed. Thus, the required skills like salesman, better technology and other factors has to be planned (Lauterborn, 2003).3. Size of the company Doha stores would sell different types of luxurious and brande d clothes and items to the customers. The management proposed to open big stores that would sell quality and reliable items to the customers. Size of the business has been determined to be good enough to handle the requirements of the company.4. Compatibility in financial aspects The partnership is intended to invest enough finances through which the operational activities for the business can be carried out. Long term plan and benefits has to be analysed, as this would help in increasing the sales and brand image for the company (Lobo, Cochran, and Duda, 2000). The strategy needs to be unique, as the store expects customers from different parts of the world. Thus, the needs and preferences of the customers have to be analysed. This would help in increasing the sales and approaching maximum number of clients (McGrath, 2005). Marketing Mix Through marketing mix the company intends to approach and convince maximum number of clients visiting Doha for shopping purpose. The company has proposed to launch new and better products for the clients, especially during the festival shopping period. Marketing mix is planned and introduced for increasing the brand image and highlight the offers that have been provided by the company. The four P factor has been analysed, and the same has been mentioned below 1. People The store intends to approach different type of customers visiting Doha, exclusively for the Doha festival. Customers are analysed based on the age, earnings, preferences, genders, and others. In order to improve the sales, the management of the stores conduct a research to collect the information about the expectations of the potential buyers. Through this method, the sales or the brand image for the company is proposed to be increased. Research is done to collect the relevant information about the client preferences and expectations from the company. The life-cycle of the products and the procurement process has been clearly drafted. This would help in increasing the quality of the products and approaching maximum number of clients (Peltier, Schibrowsky, and Schultz, 2003).2. Price The determination of the price for the products depends upon the price elasticity. This has been done to ensure that the right price for the products is offered by the company. At the time of setting up of the price the company can analyse the rival company offers and the different ways through which the cost can be reduced. Customers perceived value about the brand and the price has to be analysed. This can be done through the price skimming or the market penetration process. The selection of the pricing method can be done after analysing the changes that would help the business in launch new and improved products for the customers from different markets.3. Promotion - Online and offline promotional activities wou ld help the management to approach maximum number of clients from various parts of the world. At the time of promotional activities, the value of the customers, quality of the products, and other factors has to be analysed. This would help in approaching and convince the customers about the products and services. Integrated promotional activities can be adopted, as this would help in improving the brand image for the company (Rid, Luxton, and Mavondo, 2005).4. Product The type of products and services proposed to be rendered by the stores to the clients has to be presented in an effective manner. For this, the benefits or positive aspects about the product and the clients satisfactory would be analysed. The details about the varieties of products that are sold by the company have to highlight. The quality of the products and the benefits that would be provided to the clients has to be communicated with the clients (Smith et, 2006). Situation analysis Situation analysis is a process of auditing the performance of the company. In this method, the challenges and other limitations that are involved in the process of the business execution are analysed. this would help in the business development and introducing the changes that would be useful for the business development. strategies adopted have to be effective and take care of the needs and objectives of the company. With the help of the situational analysis, the management can develop and implement new steps that would help in introducing the changes that is required for introducing changes for the business development. Through situation analysis, the management of the company conduct the research on the below mentioned factors 1. Objectives of the company The management proposes to introduce new and better methods for increasing the sales. In this case, the strategies adopted have to be analysed, as this would help in approaching maximum number of clients. the future objectives of the company are to increase the sales and brand image. The strategies prepared by the company have to be related to the objectives, as this will help the management to accomplish the task (Schultz, 2003).2. Competition The level of competition that exists in the industry has to be evaluated. Through this process, the corrective steps can be implemented, and the best product can be offered to the clients. The offers of the rival companies in terms of the price and quality of services have to be analysed. through this method, the management would be able to introduce the required changes that would help in the business development. the required information about the rival offers and other important details can be collected by the management.3. Customers The needs and demands of the customers has to be analysed. This would help in increasing the sales and brand image for the stores. Needs of customers varies and depends upon the age, gender, cultural factors, and others. Such factors have to be analysed, before introducing better changes. Information has to be collected based on the demographic factors and others. The customers preferences change on a regular basis, and thus the essential strategies has to be implemented. The collected facts about the customer preferences can be analysed, and the new strategies can be introduced (Wall, 2001). Conclusion Marketing strategy is quite an important factor that would help in the business development. The factors that can directly impact the business performance need to be analysed. This would help in the business development and imposing the correct steps that would help in the business extension. The challenges involved in the process have to be analysed and corrective steps needs to be imposed. Marketing strategies are important and needs to be planned and implemented in the best possible manner. through this process, the management of the company intends to improve the performance and introduce the required changes that would improve the performance. The challenges involved in the process have to be analysed, as this will help in the business development. References Armstrong M, 2006. Strategic Human Resource Management, 3rd edition, ed. Kogan Page, London, p. 142. Cornelissen J, 2001. Integrated Marketing Communications and the language of Marketing Development. 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(2006), A Three Stage Model of IMC at the Marketing-Sales Interface, Journal of Marketing Research, Vol.43 No.3, PP.564-579. Schultz E, 2003. The Next Generation of Integrated Marketing Communication, Interactive Maketing, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 318-319 Wall A, 2001. Power of performance management: How leading companies create sustained value, ed. Wiley, New York, 2001. Wall A, 2007. Strategic performance management- a managerial approach and behavioural approach, ed. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, p. 19-53, 2007. 5. HRM Guide.com (www.hrmguide.com), 20 June 2002